Black Codes (United States)
Black Codes (United States)

The Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt. Black Codes were part of a larger pattern of Southern whites trying to suppress the new freedom of emancipated African American slaves.

For additional reading and information
there are several external websites including

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Codes_(United_States)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedman
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slave_codes
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-miscegenation_laws


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